It still takes time for China, Japan and South Korea to jointly build a unified pallet standard
recently, at the China, Japan and South Korea logistics technology and application exchange meeting, representatives of various countries launched an in-depth discussion on the question of unified logistics standards, and the "unified pallet standard" proposed by the South Korean representative won the wide approval of the delegates attending the meeting. Ding Junfa, executive vice president of the China Federation of logistics and purchasing, made a proposal on "China, Japan and South Korea unify pallet standards", which gave many enterprises a glimmer of hope. The long-lasting "China Japan South Korea unified pallet standard" seems to have an answer
unified standard: is it just a wish
as we all know, pallet is the most basic logistics appliance in the logistics industry. It carries goods and circulates among production enterprises, wholesale enterprises, retail enterprises, logistics enterprises and users. Sensors are classified as electronic components, and their specifications have strict size matching standards with many aspects, such as product production lines, product packaging, forklifts, shelves, highway and railway transportation vehicles, ships, containers and storage facilities. Therefore, the pallet standard, known as the logistics portal, is the most fundamental strategic technical standard in the logistics industry
"the tray standards of China, Japan and South Korea have been discussed for many years. According to the current thinking, it can be predicted that the tray standards of China, Japan and South Korea will be difficult to be relatively unified in the next five years, which is mainly due to national interests." Li Taiping, Secretary General of the China agricultural industry chain research and development center, said, "Japan and South Korea are China's major trading partners, but China's larger trading partners are North America and the European Union. In recent years, South Korea has been the largest trade deficit country in China, second only to Taiwan. In recent years, Japan has a surplus in some years, and a deficit in some years. The surplus is small and the deficit is large. The overall performance is a deficit. Therefore, Japan and South Korea have a high enthusiasm to carry out pallet cooperation with China and lobby China to adopt the T11 standard of Japan and South Korea 。 Another important reason why Japan and South Korea want China to adopt T11 standard is to let China help Japan and South Korea reverse the marginalization of T11 standard. Once China adopts T11 standard, T11 standard may become one of three in the world. Japan and South Korea want to become vested interests, "said Zhang Ping, head of the R & D department, but they are not willing to share any cost for China due to the change of pallet standards, so 'the unification of pallet standards among China, Japan and South Korea' can only be a wish."
unified standard: difficult choice
"now many Japanese and Korean experts suggest that the three countries jointly build an app system. After the system is established, the three party pallet standards are relatively unified." Li Taiping said
"because renting recyclable pallets is much cheaper than using disposable pallets, it will certainly guide more production enterprises, logistics enterprises and foreign trade enterprises exporting to Japan and South Korea to rent pallets with unified standards
at present, there are two most mainstream pallet standards in China, one is 1210, the other is T11, and 1210 pallet accounts for the majority, which is completely consistent with the logistics basic module recommended by ISO World Organization for standardization, so many enterprises are used to this pallet standard
"but the key question now is which pallet standard is the basis for establishing such a cross-border Asian pallet sharing system?" Li Taiping said, "It can be asserted that if China requires to establish an app based on the 1210 pallet specification, Japan and South Korea will never agree. This shows that cooperating with Japan and South Korea to establish an app based on the T11 pallet standard is in the interests of Japan and South Korea. Of course, taking a step back, it is also good for China to cooperate with Japan and South Korea to establish an Asian pallet sharing system based on the T11 pallet standard, but China's benefits are smaller than those of Japan and South Korea, and While bearing the cost of adjusting industrial standards related to pallets, China will also lose the opportunity to share European and American logistics equipment and facilities, increasing the cost of China's import and export from Europe and the United States. This is also the main reason why the Chinese pallet standard industry has been debating for a long time and has been unable to determine the Chinese pallet standard decisively. "
nowadays, the number of pallet international standards has increased to six, and it is no longer a wise choice to continue to adopt international standards. Such a delay will have an increasingly negative impact on China's logistics development. "The top priority is to suggest that relevant departments should set up an expert group, put aside departmental and industrial interests, scientifically select an international pallet standard, and focus on promoting it to improve China's logistics efficiency."
first of all, the operation mode of "ant moving" in China's logistics will change, the cargo handling capacity will be greatly strengthened, and the occupation time of handling facilities such as platforms and freight yards will be shortened. Moreover, with the improvement of the degree of logistics mechanization, the phenomenon of direct handling of goods by porters is avoided, and the possibility of manual rough handling can be reduced. Manufacturers can reduce the packaging strength and save social and economic resources. Secondly, after the relative unification of pallet specifications, transportation equipment suitable for loading T11 pallets will appear, and the transportation efficiency will also be improved. It can also follow the common practice of European logistics, and the products will be packaged on standardized pallets at the next production line. In fact, the valuable goods on the pallets will be packaged with opaque plastic film by using special packaging machinery for pallets. Ordinary goods are sealed with transparent plastic film. Once the goods loaded on pallets are opened during storage and transportation, they are difficult to recover and easy to identify. It can effectively solve the damage and loss of goods in China's logistics transportation. There are many manual operations in railway and road transportation, and goods are often stacked incorrectly, damaged and stolen. Effectively improve the quality of logistics services in China and reduce the cost of escorting goods
third, the tray specifications will be relatively unified, the shelf specifications will be relatively consistent, and the storage efficiency will be correspondingly improved, which is of special significance for goods that need to be refrigeratedIn addition, the tray standards are relatively consistent, and the effect of the effective establishment of the tray sharing system will also extend to environmental protection. For example, the proportion of recyclable plastic pallets will be greatly increased, and disposable wooden pallets will be reduced, which can not only avoid the problem of wood waste, save forest resources, protect the ecological environment, but also reduce the economic operation cost of the whole country
"it is noteworthy," Li Taiping stressed, "if China cooperates with Japan and South Korea to establish an Asian pallet sharing system based on T11 standard, relevant enterprises may adjust the standards of logistics equipment and facilities. But it is certain that the establishment of an app based on T11 standard will definitely have a great impact on China's logistics industry standards."
source: Xiamen logistics shipping
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